Web Development Explained !

web development

Web development is the actions, updates, and operations required to build, maintain and manage a website. Also, this process ensures that the end product has the best performance, user experience, and speed optimization.

Web development can be but is not limited to creating plain text pages, complex web-based applications, social media apps, and electronic business apps.

Types of Web Development

Generally, there are two driving engines of Web Development:

  1.      Front-end Web Development
  2.      Back-end Web Development
  3.      Full-stack Web Development

1. Front-end Web Development

Front-end web development is a process of creating (UI/UX) which includes layout, design, and interactivity using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Frontend development is the conversion from plain text pages into reality.

Also, things you see and you use, such as the visual part of the website, the drop-down menus, and the text, are all brought together by the front-end developer. They write a series of programs to bind and structure the elements. They also make them look good and interactive. A browser is needed to run these programs.

Many frontend libraries and frameworks are available, for example, ReactJS and Angular.

2. Back-end Web Development

The backend or Server Side is the data access and business logic layer of Web Development. Most of the time, Web APIs are created at back-end that can interact with the front end. Web APIs can be consumed by any mobile application or from any other client-side web application.

The backend is handled by server-side languages and Frameworks that are unique for back-end development. Below are examples of some tools and languages required for the development of a web service or application:

  • Server-side programming languages (e.g., C#, PHP, Java, Python)
  • Server-side web development frameworks (e.g., ASP.Net, Node.JS, Code Igniter, Ruby on Rails, Symfony)
  • Database management systems (e.g., MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL)
  • RESTful APIs
  • Authentication and security (e.g., OAuth, PassportJS)
  • Servers (e.g., Linux, Apache, Express)

3. Full-Stack Development

Full stack development is the making of a complete application. It includes frontend as well as backend development. Application from scratch till the end is handled in this process.

A full-stack web developer is one who takes care of both the front-end and the back-end of application or software. They are fully aware of how the web works on all levels to determine how the client and server sides will relate to each other in the best way.


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